1. Bigger Garden Beds

Collectively our house landscapes can create vast corridors of habitat. I would also go as far as to state they provide an important new type of wildlife refuge. Forgo the standard yard if you want to create habitat in your landscape since yard does not play a role in nearby habitats plus it calls for so many resources to keep up it — water, mowing, blowing, fertilizing.

If you are constructing a landscape that is new let your builder or designer know you'd like to reduce the lawn with garden beds and islands. It can be as simple as increasing your foundation beds from 4 feet deep to 8 or even to 12 feet deep. Deeper beds open up the possibility for more diverse plant structure, from shrubs to plants to grasses to ground covers, which increases habitat for the wildlife we want to see.

You don't need or seldom use with a sod cutter, solarization or sheet mulch if you have an established landscape with lawn, work with a landscape professional and selectively eradicate an area. Don't want any lawn that is traditional? Think of planting a sedge (Carex spp.) or grass meadow.


2. More Native Plants

Gardening along with your landscape and environment is gardening smartly. Native plants, when properly sited, can reduce maintenance (replacement costs and needs that are watering among other things) since they're adapted to your locale. Needless to say, indigenous plants are also a boon to creatures which have developed special relationships using them in the long run. Butterflies and moths, as an example, need host plants to lay their eggs, plus some native bees forage for pollen on certain plants at certain times during the 12 months.

We can offer countless relationships which can be going on above and below the soil, even in the event we can't see them. Them near one another as they would naturally occur, you're emulating a relationship that works aesthetically and practically when you use plants that grow together in the wild, placing.

3. Healthy Soil
I'm a champ of less work, therefore for me building healthy soil starts with selecting the right plants and using what they do below the soil line effectively. There are plants with deep taproots, those with shallow fibrous root zones and many that reach between. Placing plants with various root types together — in the place of filling a bed with plants that most have the root that is same — will create zones of soil life at every level. Healthy soils increase plant health and sequester greater levels of carbon from the atmosphere.

I'm perhaps not a fan of tilling or adding deep quantities of amendments to decorative perennial beds — it is costly and soil that is destroys and life. I do like adding a thin layer of compost and organic mulch (leaf mold, wood chips or the cuttings of dead plants from the springtime cleanup) along with the soil.

Check meadow and prairie plants — many lose up to one-third of the origins each year. As those origins decay, they obviously add organic matter. This is the reason the Midwest is filled up with row crop fields — the prairies produced soil that is rich.

4. Less Water Runoff
There is a great deal you certainly can do because of the water that enters your landscape, plus it doesn't have to just take much investment. Rain gardens collect water from downspouts or hard surfaces and slow the flow of water off a landscape, cleansing it as it slowly soaks in to the ground and recharges the aquifers.

Landscape elements like bioswales and dry creek beds, permeable paving and even rain barrels interact to help handle water responsibly inside our landscapes, reducing erosion as well as runoff that overwhelms storm drains and pollutes water figures downstream.

5. Trees and Shrubs for Energy Savings

Trees are like mini ecosystems for wildlife, providing meals, shelter and nesting sites. Timber can reduce energy consumption also year-round.

Large canopy that is deciduous like oaks and elms on the south and west sides of the home, or wherever you receive intense summer sun, can help cool your home in summer. Shrubs planted along these walls will also help regulate temperature. Conifers planted downwind from prevailing winds can slow or stop wintertime winds from reaching your house — those winds that sneak through gaps around doors and windows, and also make you take the thermostat.

Reducing how much you need certainly to heat and cool your house can not only conserve power, it will also decrease your bills — all since you planted a few trees that are gorgeous shrubs.